Aims and Scope

The Journal aims at the study of life processes in all spheres - biological, ecological, anthropological and personalist (psychological, personological), sociological, culturological, cosmist (global evolutionary).

 At the same time, the Journal is strictly focused on the development of contemporary forms of neo-Aristotelism, thus embracing the explorations (and welcoming authors’ submission of the scientific articles that reflect this type of exploration) in all possible directions of the development of modern science and philosophy, which deal with the study of life processes (in the broad sense). An essential condition for the submitted papers is their rational character, i.e. their availability for critical reviewing and analysis by the members of Biocosmological association (BCA).

 In the initial stage of BCA construction, the main direction in the development of Biocosmological explorations might be expressed in the formula "Bio-3/4” (these issues were the subject for consideration and discussion at the First seminar in July 2010, and is the topic for the next meeting in the July 2011) Here:

 1. “Bio-” (from the capitalized “B”) – Bio-universality – means the search for global (universal) approaches to the exploration of life processes on all levels of organization (biological, ecological, anthropological, personalist, sociocultural, cosmist). In other words, “Bio-” means primarily the disclosure and rational substantiation of the universal principles for all kinds of life processes on all levels of life organization on Earth. It is no mere chance that the original meaning of “bios-” (in Greek) is “life”, i.e. all forms of life. At present, we possess the objective truth (at least since the discovery of DNA structure by Watson and Crick, in the 1953) – that all life processes are integrated in psychosomatic relation and universally organized in structural-functional relation. Thus, wherever we approach to the study of a “bio-” (biology, bioethics, biogenetics, biosystems, biotechnology, biosphere, biomedicine, bioeconomy, etc.) – everywhere we always ultimately deal (in real terms) with the universal (Bio-) organization of living organisms (Bio-logy, Bio-ethics, Bio-genetics, Bio-systems, Bio-technology, Bio-sphere, Bio-medicine, Bio-economy, etc.). In essence, we are talking herein about the need to resolve the current cosmological “global paradox of universality”. This paradox has the following expression: on the one hand, the actual reality is that all life processes are universal in their organization; but on the other hand, however (at that, on the global level), modern life sciences (which study not merely biological, but equally personalist and sociocultural processes, i.e. - all life processes on all levels of organization and evolution) – still are utterly dissociated from each other and incompatible in their theoretical and methodological underlying principles.

 2. Three-dimensionality - the principle of Triadicity as a universal foundation – this is "3" in the formula. Here, Triadicity means that all life processes (and any life area that is under exploration, on any level of organization) are essentially characterized by the synchronous active existence of three autonomous spheres of life activity – two polar (diametrically opposed) and the third that is intermediate, but which has the fundamental significance, for, exactly its existence makes possible (as a foundation for) the transition from the dominance of one pole – to the domination of the other pole’s whole life activity organization. Substantially, this Third (intermediate, fundamental) sphere likewise exists autonomously and, likewise, in the transitional stage of the whole organism's life activity, - it has the dominant meaning for life processes of the given organ. Naturally, a Third life sphere had the systems of communication with both poles of the organism's governing influences (as well as its own bipolar management system) – for the realization of its own and whole organism’s integrative functions: its own (in respect of the controlled organ) and the organism on the whole (already acting as the structural unit of the whole organism's management).

 This (Triadic) pattern of a whole organism's effective life activity may be exemplified (from physiology) by the functioning of autonomic nervous system (ANS) that consists of the three (equally autonomic) parts: parasympathetic (PNS), (ortho)sympathetic (OSN) and metasympathetic nervous system (MNS; the latter has the different designations in the English-speaking scientific world, including “enteric nervous system”). On the whole, ANS has exactly the triadic (three-dimensional) structure consisting of the two diametrically opposite (polar) spheres – PNS and ANS; and the third intermediate life fundamental realm – MNS.

 In general, it is important to emphasize (for the authors of the journal "Biocosmology - neo-Aristotelism") on the special (cornerstone) significance of the method of "substantial metaphor "- of fundamental modelling that is used in the Biocosmological approach. The gist here is that basing on the primary realistic principle of universal organization of all levels and processes of life, - we have a real opportunity to use the already proved scientific laws (applied on the given level of scientific knowledge, for instance, in physiology) - to extend these laws to another level, for example - for understanding sociocultural processes of life  ("metaphor" - Greek. μεταφορά - "transfer" - to transfer meaning from one class to describe the objects of another class). Capital models of the Triadic (triune) organization of life processes (in terms of their study) is, for instance, the alternating cycles of organ's physiological functional activity and its subsequent recovery (regeneration, growth, accumulation) - like Systole and Diastole, or Awake activity and Sleep processes; along with intermediate fundamental (transitional)states; or the above example of Bipolar (parasympathetic and orthosympathetic) nervous vegetative activity, together with the functioning of the Third integrative fundamental  (metasympathetic) autonomic nervous (sub)system - all are the integrated divisions of the one whole autonomic nervous (super)system.

 The reverse "transfer" is not less useful and fruitful. For instance, it may be a transfer  from the sphere of social and cultural processes to the region of physiological processes. Substantially, in this respect, -  at the end of the 1930s Russian-American sociologist Pitirim A. Sorokin (having worked out with his fellows a colossal empirical material - no less than 100.000 scientific sources on the issues under study), - Sorokin had substantiated the reality of the synchronous existence of the three autonomic "sociocultural supersystems" (and which have the alternating mode of domination) - the two polar ("sensational" and "ideational"), and the third - intermediate "integral" sociocultural supersystem.

 3. Four-causality - in turn, applying exactly the universal Triadic principle (thus comprehending the triple and triune cyclicity of life processes organization), - it becomes possible to bring back to the modern scientific sphere all four – “4” – basic cosmic (Aristotelian) causes (driving forces): с. Materialis, с. Formalis, с. Efficiens, с. Finalis; and, wherein, the latter is of prime significance for life phenomena and processes under study. Precisely the comprehensive and integrative consideration of all four (basic cosmic) - etiological - causes will bring about the realization of universal explorations of scientific issues related to all spheres of life processes and phenomena.